"Microstructural characteristics of surfactant assembly into a gel-like mesophase for application as an oil spill dispersant" by Owoseni, et al. has been published by Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. The research showed that polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80) can be incorporated into the gel-like phase formed by L-α-phosphatidylcholine (PC) and dioctyl sulfosuccinate sodium salt (DOSS) for potential application as a gel-like dispersant for oil spill treatment. Such gel-like dispersants offer advantages over existing liquid dispersants for mitigating oil spill impacts. Read more in GoMRI research highlight
Sternhagen, Gupta, Y. Zhang, John, Schneider and D. Zhang published "Solution Self-Assemblies of Sequence-Defined Ionic Peptoid Block Copolymers" in Journal of the American Chemical Society in March 2018. Ionic micellar assemblies have a variety of applications ranging from biomedicine (e.g., drug delivery) to sustainable energy (e.g., membrane for electrochemical systems). Funded by DOE, LaCNS researchers have investigated and demonstrated that the structure of micellar assemblies can be precisely controlled by encoding the electrostatic interactions in the sequence of the polymer chains.
"A magnetic topological semimetal Sr1−yMn1−zSb2 (y, z < 0.1)" by Jinyu Liu, et al. has been published online in Nature Materials. Led by Professor Zhiqiang Mao, LaCNS researchers at Tulane University and LSU, in collaboration with scientists from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at both Tallahassee and Los Alamos, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, discovered a new magnet with nearly massless charge carriers. This observation of topological behavior in Sr1-yMn1-zSb2 (y, z < 0.1), where charge-carrying electrons behave as if they have no mass, suggests that it may be an example of the long sought after Weyl semimetal caused by time-reversal symmetry breaking. The recent discoveries of topological materials — a new class of relativistic quantum materials — hold great promise for use in energy saving electronics. Read more in DOE research highlight or ORNL Neutron Sciences
“Effect of negative chemical pressure on the prototypical itinerant magnet MnSi” by Dhital, Khan, Saghayezhian, Phelan, Young, Jin, and DiTusa has been published in Physical Review B, Volume 95. This work demonstrates how the magnetic properties of an itinerant magnetic metal MnSi can be tuned by simple chemical substitution on a nonmagnetic Si site. The substitution of Al and Ga on Si site creates negative chemical pressure which gives the magnetism a stronger itinerant character. The substitution also increases the range of temperature and field where the skyrmion phase is stable due to a change in the character of the magnetism. Read more in DOE research highlight or DOE Newswise
A team led by scientists at Louisiana State University has developed a “bottom-up” approach using surface-initiated growth of a semiconducting polymer called polythiophene to prepare thin films. These semiconducting polymer films have a unique structure and are highly stable. The films could increase efficiency and lifetime of organic light-emitting devices and solar cells. The research was funded by LaCNS through its grant from the U.S. Department of Energy and the Louisiana Board of Regents. LSU Now article
Researchers at LSU and Tulane have synthesized a new class of compounds called Hydrophobically Modified Polypeptoids (HMPs), which act as protein mimics and are entirely biocompatible. Donghui Zhang (LSU), Vijay John (Tulane), Sunting Xuan (LSU), and Yueheng Zhang (Tulane) filed an application with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office titled “Hydrophobically Modified Polypeptoids as Lipid Based Drug Delivery Agents and as Microbials.”
Researchers Investigate Three Successive Phase Transitions in IrTe2 Researchers Cao, Xie, Phelan, DiTusa, and Jin report on experimental investigations of the electrical transport, magnetic, and thermodynamic properties of IrTe2 single crystals in Physical Review B, Volume 95. The compound IrTe2 exhibits many unusual structural and physical properties including the existence of three phase transitions. Two are first-order structural transitions near 283 and 167 degrees K from trigonal at high temperatures to triclinic at low temperatures, and a superconducting transition at 3 K. The coexistence of three phase transitions offers a unique opportunity to investigate the structure-property relationship and the effect of strong spin-orbit coupling. Physical Review B article
LaCNS researchers answered the question of whether cyclic peptoids (a class of biomimetic polymers) with oppositely charged end-groups can aggregate in solution and why.
“Mn-induced magnetic symmetry breaking and its correlation with the metal-insulator transition in bilayer Sr3(Ru1-xMnx)2O7” by Q. Zhang, Ye, Tian, Cao, Chi, Mesa, Hu, Diao, Tennant, Jin, J. Zhang, and Plummer is published in Physical Review B, Volume 95 (rapid communication). Bilayered Sr3Ru2O7 is an unusual metamagnetic metal with inherently antiferromagnetic (AFM) and ferromagnetic (FM) fluctuations. Partial substitution of Ru by Mn results in the establishment of a metal-insulator transition (MIT) at TMIT and AFM ordering at TM in Sr3(Ru1-xMnx)2O7. Using elastic neutron scattering we investigated the effect of Mn doping on the in-plane magnetic correlation lengths and its correlation to the MIT in Sr3(Ru1-xMnx)2O7 (x = 0.06 and 0.12). With increasing Mn doping (x) from 0.06 to 0.12, an evolution from an in-plane short-range to long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state occurs. For both compounds, the magnetic ordering has a double-stripe configuration, with the onset of correlation coinciding with the sharp rise in electrical resistivity and specific heat. Since it does not induce a measurable lattice distortion, the double-stripe magnetic order with anisotropic spin texture breaks symmetry from a C4v crystal lattice to a C2v magnetic sublattice. These observations shed light on an age-old question regarding the Slater versus Mott-type MIT.
“Formation of environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) on ZnO at room temperature: Implications for the fundamental model of EPFR generation” by Patterson, M.F. DiTusa, McFerrin, Kurtz, Hall, Poliakoff, and Sprunger is published in Chem. Phys. Letters, Volume 670. Environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) have significant environmental and public health impacts. In this study, we demonstrate that EPFRs formed on ZnO nanoparticles provide two significant surprises.
A new hydrophobically modified polypeptoid (HMP) was shown to induce morphological transition of liposome into multilamellar structures. This opens new research directions in the development of new materials and approaches for multi-drug encapsulation and delivery and transmembrane protein recovery.
“Half-metallic ferromagnetism in Sr3Ru2O7” by Pablo Rivero, Vincent Meunier, and William Shelton is published in Physical Review B, Volume 95. The authors find that the ground-state of Sr3Ru2O7 is characterized by a ferromagnetic (FM) half-metallic state. This state strongly competes with an antiferromagnetic metallic phase, which indicates the possible presence of a particular state characterized by the existence of different magnetic domains. The results provide accurate electronic, structure, and magnetic ground-state properties of Sr3Ru2O7 and stimulate the investigation of other type of octahedra rotations and distortions in the search of phase transitions.
“Uniaxial pressure-induced half-metallic ferromagnetic phase transition in LaMnO3” by Pablo Rivero, Vincent Meunier, and William Shelton has been published in Physical Review B, Volume 93. The paper discusses the use of first-principles theory to predict that the application of uniaxial compressive strain leads to a transition from an antiferromagnetic insulator to a ferromagnetic half-metal phase in LaMnO3.
"Probing microhydration effect on the electronic structure of the GFP chromophore anion." A substance squeezed from jellyfish has transformed modern cellular biology. The substance is green fluorescent protein (GFP), which, when added to viruses and proteins, brings their life and function into view. By combining experiment, computation, and theory, scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and colleagues at Louisiana State University have discovered new insights about GFP's behavior. This in turn can lead to even more ways to exploit this valuable monitor of biological processes. Read PNNL research highlight